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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

UOIT researcher helping enhance safety standards at energy and nuclear facilities

Dr. Hossam Gaber, Associate Professor, Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science (cross-appointed with the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science)
Dr. Hossam Gaber, Associate Professor, Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science (cross-appointed with the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science)

Canada’s nuclear power facilities have a proven track record for being among the safest in the world. Systems are highly monitored and stringently regulated. But this doesn’t mean nuclear engineering researchers should not strive to enhance existing safety standards and system reliability.

University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) researcher Dr. Hossam Gaber is an expert in safety engineering and its applications in energy and nuclear facilities and infrastructures. Through a current research collaboration with Ontario Power Generation (OPG) and Bruce Power, he is helping develop innovative solutions to advance nuclear power plant safety.

“Through research, we are building further confidence in safety levels with a model-based adaptive structure called Fault Semantic Network (FSN),” said Dr. Gaber, Professor, UOIT Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science (cross-appointed to the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science). “Our computer models use real-time utility data to simulate problems or ‘faults’ at nuclear power plants. By understanding potential fault possibilities, we can determine how best to prevent them in real plants. At the same time we can also find ways to enhance system performance.”

Fault, or failure, means any condition rendering a component or system incapable of operating within its specified performance parameter limits. This is similar to how you would define, say, a ‘faulty’ pump or valve.

Dr. Gaber’s research group has focused case studies on the simulation of steam generation and steam pressure faults.

“We believe usage of FSN for fault troubleshooting in CANDU reactors is an important contribution to the energy industry’s philosophy of continuous improvement,” said Dr. Gaber. “We need to explore new methods and enhancements to existing methods. This analysis will also substantially reduce other factors such as the probability of human error.”

Dr. Gaber promotes energy and nuclear process safety in both the national and international communities. The next international workshop he is co-organizing (on functional safety and its use in energy, nuclear and production facilities) will be hosted by the Canadian Standards Association in Mississauga, Ontario in early May.